The Canadian state had primarily scientific interest in its northern regions during the first half of the century. These explorers brought a number of virulent diseases that the natives had no natural immunity to, causing mass deaths in the community.
As a result, there was strict observance of various taboos as well as dances and ceremonies in honor of such spirits. Culturally, traditional Eskimo life was totally adapted to an extremely cold, snow- and icebound environment in which vegetable foods were almost nonexistent, trees were scarce, and caribou, sealwalrusand whale meat, whale blubber, and fish were the major food sources.
These people settled north of the Brooks Range and along the coast from Kotzebue in the southwest, up to Point Hope and north and east to Barrow, the mouth of the Colville River, and on to the present-day Canadian border at Demarcation Point. They bred strong sled dogs from wolves and dogs to pull the sleds which were made from whale bones and wood.
Inuit left their camps and moved into settlements with permanent buildings. They also ate fish and foraged for wild berries. Natives themselves, such as the Inupiat of Barrow and Shungnak voted against establishing the reservations that formed all over America in the s.
In the modern era much of this has changed, but in general, outside employment is still the obligation of the male as well as any ancillary hunting activities necessary to help make ends meet.
Though most Arctic peoples were not organized into tribes, those of present-day Alaska are to Inuit men in Nome, Alaska play drums and sing as another man dances. They originally made their home along the Alaskan coast, but migrated to other areas.
By occupations that were completely new to them, like in health care and local administration, but also in Inuit arts, the women with their earned money were able to contribute like the men to the livelihood of their families.
Hunting provided the Inuit with a balanced diet and the raw materials for clothinghousing, household implements and heating, boat and sled-building, hunting weapons, toys, and art-objects. Boots were also made from animal skins. Today the economy has shifted and Greenland is not primarily a hunting society.
With better health care, the Inuit population grew larger, too large to sustain itself solely by hunting. He would take on the evil spirit of the sick. Despite that finding, the name Eskimo—widely used in Alaska—is nevertheless considered by some to be offensive.
Recently, life really is looking up for most Inuit. Young Alaskan Eskimo Inuit wearing a caribou skin parka.
The creation of Nunavuta new Canadian territory, in helped to support a revitalization of traditional indigenous culture in North America. Nomadic life in the first half of the 20th century[ edit ] Camp Ikirasaq Southern Baffin Islandabandoned in the late s Many elders still remember the time, more than 60 years ago, when the Inuit lived a nomadic lifestyle.
As a result, these people almost totally disappeared from their inland settlements, moving instead to coastal areas. Siblings help care for children after the first few months, and the baby soon becomes accustomed to being carried about in packs or under parkas. The inner living area was constructed at a higher level so that the heavier cold air could not easily enter it.
Houses at Ipiutak were small, about 12 by 15 feet square, with sod-covered walls and roof. A large whale could feed a small community for a year. A traditional dog sled qamutiktoday almost entirely replaced by the snowmobileexcept for festive occasions.
Religion A central tenet of Inupiat religion was that the forces of nature were essentially malevolent.
In some parts of the Arctic, men also practised the tradition of "stealing" their wife from a camp, symbolically showing that the family did not want the daughter to leave their camp. One that is now changing. Subsistence hunting of seals and whales provided food, shelter, and clothing to the people, along with the inspiration for art, myths, and stories.
Although the origins of the word are somewhat unclear, it reflects categorization by another group of people, rather than a self-descriptive name.
Stones, carefully chosen and carved, were used for select but important objects: Since the end of World War II, with the discovery of North Slope oil inthe culture as well as the ecology of the region changed in ways never imagined by nineteenth-century Inuit.
In December came the Messenger Feast held inside the community building. Transitional phase —19th century [ edit ] From the beginning of the 14th century, a gradual cooling occurred throughout the Canadian Archipelago and the Arctic Ocean coast of the mainland.
In traditional times, the most successful hunter could take more than one wife, though this was uncommon.The Inuit diaspora describes the people of Inuit culture who have left their homeland and settled in other areas of the world for whatever reason, economic, political, or social.
The homeland of the Inuit spreads across most of the northern-most regions of North America along the Arctic Ocean (about miles).
The Inuit people are an indigenous people native to the Arctic regions of North America, as well as parts of Greenland. Inuit settlements can also be found in regions of Russia. The World Is Changing for Greenland's Native Inuit People. An Ancient People. The Inuit originally migrated from Siberia to Alaska, through North America and finally arrived at the shores of Greenland in the 13th century.
They were sophisticated navigators, using stars to guide their way. Founded: Jan 01, History >> Native Americans for Kids The Inuit people live in the far northern areas of Alaska, Canada, Siberia, and Greenland.
They originally made their home along the Alaskan coast, but migrated to other areas. What did the Inuit people eat? North America Oceania South America Southeast Asia Fun Stuff Educational Games Holidays Jokes.
Inuit communities are found in the Arctic, in the Northwest Territories, Labrador and Quebec in Canada, above tree line in Alaska (where people are called the Inupiat and Yupik), and in Russia (where people are called the Yupik people).
In some areas, Inuit people are called “Eskimos” however. History >> Native Americans for Kids The Inuit people live in the far northern areas of Alaska, Canada, Siberia, and Greenland.
They originally made their home along the Alaskan coast, but migrated to other areas. Everything about the lives of the Inuit is influenced by the cold tundra climate in which they live.Download